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ABSTRACT




Eficacia de las técnicas de relajación en la disminución de tensión, ansiedad y estrés percibidos por pacientes con cáncer bajo tratamiento de quimioterapia

doi: 10.24875/j.gamo.M18000138

Full Article in PDF (Spanish)


VOLUME 17 - NUMBER 2 / Abril - Junio (Original Article)


Flor Esmeralda Larios-Jiménez, Alumna del Doctorado Interinstitucional en Psicología, Campus Colima, Universidad de Colima, Colima y Departamento de Disciplinas Filosóficas, Metodológicas e Instrumentales, Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, México
Leivy Patricia González-Ramírez, Centro Universitario de Tonalá, Universidad de Guadalajara, Tonalá, México
Roberto Montes-Delgado, Facultad de Psicología, Universidad de Colima, Colima, México
Fabiola González-Betanzos, Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo, Morelia, México
Andrés Morán-Mendoza, Centro Médico de Occidente, IMSS, Guadalajara, Jal., México
Pedro Solano-Murillo, UMAE Hospital de Especialidades, CMNO, IMSS, México
Antonio Oceguera-Villanueva, Instituto Jalisciense de Cancerología
Mónica Montero-Ramírez, Instituto Jalisciense de Cancerología
Adrián Daneri-Navarro, Departamento de Fisiología, Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, México



Introduction: Cancer constitutes a public health problem worldwide. Attention to patients with cancer includes treatments such as chemotherapy, which may generate emotional negative reactions. Relaxation techniques have shown to reduce anxiety and stress in this population. Materials and Methods: 552 patients of the chemotherapy areas of three hospitals of Metropolitan Guadalajara zone were trained in diaphragmatic breathing and guided imagery. Patients were assessed with an visual analogue scale, which scored their tension, anxiety or perceived stress before and after relaxation training. Results: The mean obtained by the visual analogue scale was 3.24 (SD: 2.8) before and 1.2 (SD: 1.9) after relaxation training respectively (p < 0.001). Moreover, differences in means among patients in different hospitals (p < 0.001) were observed. Conclusions: Our results highlight the effectiveness of relaxation techniques implemented in patients receiving chemotherapy, reducing perceived stress, anxiety and tension. Health professionals can train patients on the use of relaxation techniques
during their hospital visits. The generalized practice of these techniques by the patients will improve their state of wellbeing, by reducing the emotional affections caused by cancer diagnosis and the treatments.


Keywords: Diaphragmatic respiration. Guided imagination. Cancer. Chemotherapy. Patient navigation program.